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The Governor's Workforce Investment Board began as the Governor's Employment and Training Council in March 1983. The Governor created the Council by Executive Order to be Maryland's job training coordinating council under the federal Job Training Partnership Act (P.L. 97-300). Later that year, the Council was established by statute (Chapter 268, Acts of 1983). In 1985, the Governor gave the Council additional responsibilities and, in 1987, made it part of the Department of Economic and Employment Development (Executive Order 01.01.1985.14; Executive Order 01.01.1987.24). In 1992, the Council reformed as the Workforce Investment Board (Chapter 412, Acts of 1992).

Assuming duties of the State Council on Vocational-Technical Education in 1993, the Board served as Maryland's human resource investment council under the federal Job Training Partnership Act (Chapter 463, Acts of 1993), which became the Workforce Investment Act in 2001. Later in 1993, the Board was made an independent agency, separate from the Department of Economic and Employment Development (Executive Order 01.01.1993.30). The Board reorganized as the Governor's Workforce Investment Board in August 1998 (Executive Order 01.01.1998.23), and further reformed its membership in November 2004 (Executive Order 01.01.2004.60). Since 2003, the Board has been housed in the Department of Labor, Licensing, and Regulation for administrative and budgetary purposes only.

In accordance with federal law, the Governor's Workforce Investment Board helps plan, coordinate, and monitor State programs and services for workforce investment.

The Board includes members appointed by the Governor to four-years terms, as well as two members appointed by the Senate President, and two by the House Speaker. Nine members serve ex offico. The Governor names the chair (Code Labor and Employment Article, sec. 11-505; Executive Order 01.01.2004.60; Chapter 123, Acts of 2005).


The Center for Industry Initiatives was established in 2005 under a grant from the U.S. Department of Labor. To determine the workforce needs of the private sector, Industry Initiative Coordinators work with representatives from targeted industries. These include: aerospace; construction; cybersecurity; and health information technology. To coordinate these needs with the State workforce development system, the Center identifies local education and training resources, business services, and social service programs.

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 Maryland Manual On-Line, 2015

July 1, 2015

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