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[photo, Maryland Science Center, 601 Light St., Baltimore, Maryland]
  • Goddard Space Flight Center
  • Maryland Science Center
  • Space Telescope Science Institute
  • Maryland is home to a number of institutions concerned with astronomy, aeronautics, and space research, including the Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt; the Maryland Science Center, Baltimore; and the Space Telescope Science Institute, Baltimore. As of May 2013, Maryland has the highest concentration of astronomers in the country, according to the Bureau of Labor Statistics. The State's relation to astronomy, however, dates to the 17th century.

    Maryland Science Center, 601 Light St., Baltimore, Maryland, June 2006. Photo by Diane F. Evartt.

    Arthur Storer (c. 1642-1686), the first astronomer in the American colonies, moved to Calvert County, Maryland, in 1678. Storer was among the first to sight and record data describing Haley's Comet on its return in 1682.

    Formed in May 1959, Goddard Space Flight Center is located in Greenbelt. It was named for Robert Hutchings Goddard, the father of modern rocket propulsion. As part of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), the Center was the first space flight complex established by NASA.

    The Center is the nation's largest organization of combined scientists, engineers, and technologists that build spacecraft, instruments and new technology to study Earth, the sun, our solar system and the universe.

    Founded in 1797, the Maryland Academy of Sciences opened its new home, the Maryland Science Center, in June 1976. The Center, including its Davis Planetarium and IMAX Theater is located at the Inner Harbor in Baltimore.

    For the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), the Association of Universities for Research in Astronomy (AURA) operates the Space Telescope Science Institute at The Johns Hopkins University in Baltimore.

    The Institute is responsible for the science program of the Hubble Space Telescope and will conduct the science and mission operations for its successor, the James Webb Space Telescope. The Insitute also supports other astronomy programs and conducts scientific research.

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     Maryland Manual On-Line, 2015

    July 1, 2015

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